Pepe the Frog is an anthropomorphic frog character from the comic series Boy’s Club by Matt Furie. On 4chan, various illustrations of the frog creature have been used as reaction faces, including Feels Good ManSad FrogAngry PepeSmug Frog and Well Meme’d.


In 2005, artist Matt Furie created the comic series Boy’s Club, which stars the teenage monster characters Pepe, Brett, Andy and Landwolf.[2]

boy's club Boy's club face cartoon smile food mY Stomach &buunp!... acid what? ou may have reflux 5 ok - check it out thanksM so what's the Video called aw man... i S sick three hots and a cot duuude...what the hell?/whoa - you're |barfing out DU o u

In early 2008, comic in which Pepe pulls his pants down to his ankles in order to urinate is rumored to have been popularized on 4chan’s /b/, (random) board, along with the expression “Feels good man.”

feel man Frog Boy's club green vertebrate toad frog clip art amphibianman pink nose facial expression text cartoon smile head cheek man Boy's club pink facial expression mammal nose clip art cartoon smile organism


Throughout 2008, Pepe was mostly associated with the “Feels Good Man” reaction image. On February 4th, Something Awful[91] contributer Jon Hendren (a.k.a. @fart) posted the “Feels Good Man” comic to the site. In 2009, an edited version featuring a distraught-looking Pepe with the caption “Feels bad man” began circulating as a reaction image on 4chan and the Body Building Forums. On January 25th, 2011, an interview with Furie was published on Know Your Meme, in which he discussed the origins of Pepe the Frog. On June 13th, 2014, the PepeTheFrogBlog Tumblr[11] blog was launched. On July 23rd, the Pepe the Frog Instagram[14] feed was created. On October 25th, the /r/pepethefrog[13] subreddit was launched for content featuring the frog character. On December 7th, a Facebook[10]page for “Pepe the Frog” was created. On December 18th, the PepeTheFrogNet Tumblr[12] blog was launched.

Notable Usage

Katy Perry’s Tweet

On November 8th, 2014, Katy Perry tweeted a picture of Pepe crying with the caption “Australian jet lag got me like” (shown below).[46] Over the next three years, the tweet received more than 17,000 likes and 10,500 retweets.

KATY PERRY @katyperry Follow Australian jet lag got me like elf RETWEETS LIKES 10,590 17,208 o3BBb 4:12 AM 8 Nov 2014 1.6K 11K 17K

Nicki Minaj’s Instagram Post

On December 18th, 2014, rapper Nicki Minaj posted an illustration of Pepe bent over and prominently displaying his buttocks with the caption “Me on Instagram for the next few weeks trying to get my followers back up” (shown below).[47] Over the next two years, the post received more than 281,000 likes and 13,900 comments.

Me on Instagram for the next few weeks trying to get my followers back up.

Donald Trump’s Tweet

On October 13th, 2015, Donald Trump tweeted an illustration of Pepe as himself standing at a podium with the President of the United States Seal (shown below).[45] Within 16 months, the post gathered upwards of 11,000 likes and 8,100 retweets.

Donald J. Trump @realDonaldTrump Follow "@codyave:@drudgereport @BreitbartNews @Writeintrump "You Can't Stump the Trump" youtube.com /watch?V MKH6PA RETWEETS FAVORITES 110 1:53 AM- 13 Oct 2015

Wendy’s Tweet

On January 2nd, 2017, the Twitter account for the fast food chain restaurant Wendy’s responded to a user who asked “Got any memes?” with a picture of Pepe the Frog drawn in the likeness of the Wendy’s mascot. The tweet, shown below, drew criticism and was deleted, causing the account to tweet, “Our community manager was unaware of the recent evolution of the Pepe meme’s meaning and this tweet was promptly deleted.”

Respek @MrRespek 7m @Wendys Got any memes? わ! 13 3 Wendy's @Wendys @MrRespek

Russian Embassy UK’s Tweet

On January 9th, 2016, the Russian Embassy in the United Kingdom tweeted a picture of Smug Pepe in a tweet reaction to news about an upcoming meeting between British Prime Minister Theresa May and United States President-elect Donald Trump (shown below).[48] Over the next 24 hours, the tweet gained over 9,000 likes and 6,200 retweets.

Russian Embassy, UK -Follow 3 @RussianEmbassy In today's papers: pundits call on @Theresa_May to disrupt possible Russia-US call O Russia-Us thaw. No trust in Britain's best friend and ally? 85 65 :48 AM-9 Jan 2017


Alt-Right Association

On July 22nd, 2015, Malaysian artist Maldraw posted an image on 4chan’s /pol/ board of Smug Pepe as Donald Trump overlooking a fence at the U.S.-Mexican border holding back sad Mexicans drawn as the Feels Guy. As the association of Trump and Pepe continued to gain popularity on 4chan and Reddit, on October 13th, Donald Trump retweeted an illustration of Trump Pepe.

View Same Google iqdb SauceNAO Anonymous ID:F13swinTwed 22 Jul 2015 08:22:38 No.48392652 Quoted By >>48392968 >>48408534 trumpepejpg, 701KiB, 1832x1754 US BORDE Report IM JUST GONNA TAKE MUH TIME HERE DONT MIND ME IM JUST A BUMP MACHINE Donald J. Trump @realDonaldTrump Follow "@codyave:@drudgereport @BreitbartNews @Writeintrump "You Can't Stump the Trump" youtube.com /watch?V MKH6PA RETWEETS FAVORITES 110 1:53 AM- 13 Oct 2015

On May 26th, 2016, The Daily Beast[31] published an article titled “How Pepe the Frog Became a Nazi Trump Supporter and Alt-Right Symbol.“ The article included an interview with Twitter user @JaredTSwift,[38] identified as an “anonymous white nationalist,” who claimed there was a “campaign to reclaim Pepe from normies” by creating anti-Semitic illustrations of the frog character.

On September 9th, 2016, Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton said that half Donald Trump’s supporters were in a “basket of deplorables” during a speech held at a private fundraiser. On September 10th, Donald Trump Jr. posted a photoshopped movie poster on Instagram[23] of the 2010 action film The Expendables, which features various prominent conservatives and Pepe the Frog with the title “The Deplorables”

The following day, NBC News[24] published an article about the photoshop, which referred to Pepe the Frog as a “popular white nationalist symbol” based on a statement made by Southern Poverty Law Center’s Heidi Beirich. That day, several news sites published articles referring to Pepe as a “white supremacist meme” and “white national symbol,” including The Hill,[25] Vanity Fair,[26] Talking Points Memo[27] and CNN (shown below). On September 12th, a post mocking the NBC article reached the front page of /r/KotakuInAction.[28]


Alt-right claims to march in step with the Knights Templar – this is fake history

Of course, the Knights Templar symbology recalls the crusades – and is associated with medieval Christian fanaticism – but other prominent crusade iconography, such as the cross of the Knights Hospitaller, used by St John’s Ambulance is overlooked. So why does Templar imagery garner a similar reaction to Nazi symbols, while another equally significant crusader image hardly registers with the wider public – except with positive connotations?

When market trader Tina Gayle was banned from selling mugs featuring Knights Templar logos in a Loughborough Market, Charnwood Borough Council ruled that they were offensive to Muslims.  But the inclusion in the coverage of this little reference to the stallholder’s Nazi products highlights the regular association of the Knights Templar with right-wing extremism.


Soldiers, doctors and bankers

The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, also known as The Knights Hospitaller, was founded after the first crusade to provide hospital care for pilgrims sanctioned by Pope Paschall II in 1113. The infamous Order of The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, also known as The Templar, was founded in 1119 by Hugh de Payens, a French nobleman, as a revolutionary monastic order, that would escort and protect pilgrims travelling to the Holy Land.

These two orders grew to become the premier Christian fighting forces in the Holy Land, due to the large amount of wealth gifted them by the European nobles. The Templars and the Hospitallers were major forces right up until the Christians were expelled from the Holy Land in 1291. Despite the prominence of their military roles, the Knights Hospitaller provided medical care for pilgrims, while the Knights Templar grew richer by acting as bankersfor crusading nobles.

Following the conquest of the Holy Land by Islamic forces, the knights operated from Rhodes, over which they were sovereign, and later from Malta, where they administered a vassal state under the Spanish viceroy of Sicily. The Hospitallers were the smallest group to colonise parts of the Americas; at one point in the mid-17th century, they acquired four Caribbeanislands, which they turned over to the French in the 1660s.

The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (LatinOrdo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), also known as the Order of Saint JohnOrder of HospitallersKnights HospitallerKnights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval Catholic military order. It was headquartered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, on the island of Rhodes, in Malta and St Petersburg.

The shift in attitudes of the Knights over this period is ably outlined by Paul Lacroix who states:

Inflated with wealth, laden with privileges which gave them almost sovereign powers … the order at last became so demoralised by luxury and idleness that it forgot the aim for which it was founded, and gave itself up for the love of gain and thirst for pleasure. Its covetousness and pride soon became boundless. The Knights pretended that they were above the reach of crowned heads: they seized and pillaged without concern of the property of both infidels and Christians.”[31]

When the Knights first arrived, the natives were apprehensive about their presence and viewed them as arrogant intruders. The Maltese were excluded from serving in the order. The Knights were even generally dismissive of the Maltese nobility. However, the two groups coexisted peacefully, since the Knights boosted the economy, were charitable, and protected against Muslim attacks.[36]

Not surprisingly, hospitals were among the first projects to be undertaken on Malta, where French soon supplanted Italian as the official language (though the native inhabitants continued to speak Maltese among themselves).[37] The knights also constructed fortresses, watch towers, and naturally, churches. Its acquisition of Malta signalled the beginning of the Order’s renewed naval activity.


While both orders played major roles within the crusades, their respective icons evoke different sentiments – these days, the Hospitaller cross represents the charitable work of St John’s Ambulance but the Templar cross is deemed offensive and worthy of a ban.

The Maltese Cross is a symbol of protection and a badge of honor. Its story is hundreds of years old. When a courageous band of crusaders known as The Knights of St. John fought the Saracens for possession of the holy land, they encountered a new weapon unknown to European warriors.

The Maltese cross is a starlike symbol formed by four “V”-shapes with their tips joined together. It is symmetrical both vertically and horizontally, giving it an overall similar shape to the Greek cross. Maltese crosses are usually black and white or red and white.

The Maltese cross has its roots in Crusader crosses and was originally the symbol of the Republic of Amalfi (Italy) in the 11th century.

It was adopted by the Knights Hospitallers of St. John in 1126, who ruled the Maltese islands from 1530 to 1798 and became known as the Knights of Malta.

The eight points of the Maltese cross symbolize several different but related concepts, including the eight Beatitudes (blessings spoken by Jesus).

In the Middle Ages it also symbolized the eight obligations of the Knights of Malta to:

  1. Live in truth
  2. Have faith
  3. repent one’s sins
  4. give proof of humility
  5. love justice
  6. be merciful
  7. be sincere and whole­hearted
  8. endure persecution

The Maltese Cross also represents the eight medieval nations whose noblemen were members of the Order of St. John:

  1. Auvergne
  2. Provence
  3. France
  4. Aragon
  5. Castille and Portugal
  6. Italy
  7. Baviere (Germany)
  8. England (with Scotland and Ireland)

Today, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta is an active international organization that provides humanitarian aid, including first-aid ambulance services. Its symbol is the Maltese cross, reminding its members that they are expected to be:

  1. Observant
  2. Tactful
  3. Resourceful
  4. Dextrous
  5. Explicit
  6. Discriminating
  7. Persevering
  8. Sympathetic

Outside of the Malta, the Maltese cross is also the basis for the Badge of the Firefighter, representing the same qualities as above.


History of the Maltese Cross