Jihad (English: /ɪˈhɑːd/Arabicجهاد‎ jihād [dʒɪˈhaːd]) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim. It can have many shades of meaning in an Islamic context, such as struggle against one’s evil inclinations, an exertion to convert unbelievers, or efforts toward the moral betterment of society, though it is most frequently associated with war.  In classical Islamic law, the term often refers to armed struggle against unbelievers.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jihad

The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period, largely in response to 400 years of Muslim wars of conquest in Christian lands. The most commonly known Crusades were the campaigns in the Eastern Mediterranean aimed at recovering the Holy Land from Muslim rule. The term “Crusades” is also applied to other church-sanctioned campaigns, such as Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars or the Baltic Crusades. These were fought for a variety of reasons including the suppression of paganism and heresy, the resolution of conflict among rival Roman Catholic groups, or for political and territorial advantage.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades

Crusade

verb (used without object), cru·sad·ed, cru·sad·ing.

…(often initial capital letter) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians
of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.

…any war carried on under papal sanction.

…any vigorous, aggressive movement for the defense or advancement of an idea, cause, etc.:

…to go on or engage in a crusade.

Crusades, military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by western European Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion. Between 1095, when the First Crusade was launched, and 1291, when the Latin Christians were finally expelled from their kingdom in Syria, there were numerous expeditions to the Holy Land, to Spain, and even to the Baltic; the Crusades continued for several centuries after 1291. Crusading declined rapidly during the 16th century with the advent of the Protestant Reformation and the decline of papal authority. Approximately two-thirds of the ancient Christian world had been conquered by Muslims by the end of the 11th century, including the important regions of PalestineSyriaEgypt, and Anatolia. The Crusades, attempting to check this advance, initially enjoyed success, founding a Christian state in Palestine and Syria, The Crusades constitute a controversial chapter in the history of Christianity, and their excesses have been the subject of centuries of historiography. The Crusades also played an integral role in the expansion of medieval Europe.

Islam: The world’s fastest growing religion

Why Muslims are the world’s fastest-growing religious group in the world

In the next half century or so, Christianity’s long reign as the world’s largest religion may come to an end, according to a just-released report that builds on Pew Research Center’s original population growth projections for religious groups.  Indeed, Muslims will grow more than twice as fast as the overall world population between 2015 and 2060 and, in the second half of this century, will likely surpass Christians as the world’s largest religious group.

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/06/why-muslims-are-the-worlds-fastest-growing-religious-group/

Islam is the world’s second-largest religion, after Christianity. But this could change if the current demographic trends continue, according to research published by the US-based Pew Research Center.

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-39279631/islam-the-world-s-fastest-growing-religion

Islamic Laws you will start to live under.

Islam’s Sharia law is cast from the words of Muhammad, called “hadith,” his actions, called “sunnah,” and the Quran, which he dictated. The Sharia law itself cannot be altered but its interpretation, called “fiqh,” by muftis (Islamic jurists) is given some latitude.

As a legal system, the Sharia law is exceptionally broad. While other legal codes regulate public behavior, Sharia regulates public behavior, private behavior, and even private beliefs. Compared to other legal codes, the Sharia law also prioritizes punishment over rehabilitation and favors corporal and capital punishments over incarceration. Of all legal systems in the world today, the Sharia law is the most intrusive and restrictive, especially against women. According to the Sharia law (see the links for details):

• Theft is punishable by amputation of the hands (Quran 5:38).
• Criticizing or denying any part of the Quran is punishable by death.
• Criticizing Muhammad or denying that he is a prophet is punishable by death.
• Criticizing or denying Allah is punishable by death (see Allah moon god).
• A Muslim who becomes a non-Muslim is punishable by death (See Compulsion).
• A non-Muslim who leads a Muslim away from Islam is punishable by death.
• A non-Muslim man who marries a Muslim woman is punishable by death.
• A woman or girl who has been raped cannot testify in court against her rapist(s).
• Testimonies of 4 male witnesses are required to prove rape of a female (Quran 24:13).
• A woman or girl who alleges rape without producing 4 male witnesses is guilty of adultery.
• A woman or girl found guilty of adultery is punishable by death (see “Islamophobia“).
• A male convicted of rape can have his conviction dismissed by marrying his victim.
• Muslim men have sexual rights to any woman/girl not wearing the Hijab (see Taharrush).
• A woman can have 1 husband, who can have up to 4 wives; Muhammad can have more.
• A man can marry an infant girl and consummate the marriage when she is 9 years old.
• Girls’ clitoris should be cut (Muhammad‘s words, Book 41, Kitab Al-Adab, Hadith 5251).
• A man can beat his wife for insubordination (see Quran 4:34 and Religion of Peace).
• A man can unilaterally divorce his wife; a wife needs her husband’s consent to divorce.
• A divorced wife loses custody of all children over 6 years of age or when they exceed it.
• A woman’s testimony in court, allowed in property cases, carries ½ the weight of a man’s.
• A female heir inherits half of what a male heir inherits (see Mathematics in Quran).
• A woman cannot speak alone to a man who is not her husband or relative.
• Meat to eat must come from animals that have been sacrificed to Allah – i.e., be “Halal.”
• Muslims should engage in Taqiyya and lie to non-Muslims to advance Islam.

http://www.billionbibles.org/sharia/sharia-law.html

 

Iraq’s Christians persecuted by ISIS

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/iraq-christians-persecuted-by-isis-60-minutes/

 

5 Things You Need To Know About Sharia Law

Asking American Muslims to swear off Sharia law is a violation of religious liberty.

Adherents of Islam constitute the world’s second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominationsSunni (80-90%, roughly 1.5 billion people) or Shia (10–20%, roughly 170-340 million people).

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/5-facts-you-need-to-know-about-sharia-law_us_5788f567e4b03fc3ee507c01

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_by_country

 

Paris is no longer Paris.

 

Grand Masters of the Knights Templar

Hugues de Payens or Payns (c. 1070 – 24 May 1136) was the co-founder and first Grand Master of the Knights Templar. With Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, he created the Latin Rule, the code of behavior for the Order. Born C. 1070 in TroyesFrance

Each man who held the position of Grand Master of the Knights Templar was the supreme commander of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (also known as the Knights Templar), starting with founder Hugues de Payens in 1118. While many Grand Masters chose to hold the position for life, abdication was not unknown. Some masters chose to leave for life in monasteries or diplomacy. Grand Masters often led their knights into battle on the front line and the numerous occupational hazards of battle made some tenures very short.

Each country had its own Master, and the Masters reported to the Grand Master. He oversaw all of the operations of the Order, including both the military operations in the Holy Land and eastern Europe, and the financial and business dealings in the Order’s infrastructure of western Europe.

List of Grand Masters

Hugues de Payens, First Grand Master

Jacques de Molay, Last (23rd) Grand Master

# Arms Name Time in office
1. Armoiries Hugues de Payens.svg Hugues de Payens 1118–1136
2. Armoiries Robert de Craon.svg Robert de Craon 1136–1147
3. Armoiries Evrard des Barres.svg Everard des Barres 1147–1151
4. Armoiries Bernard de Tramelay.svg Bernard de Tremelay  1151–1153
5. Armoiries André de Montbard.svg André de Montbard 1153–1156
6. Armoiries Bertrand de Blanquefort.svg Bertrand de Blanchefort 1156–1169
7. Armoiries Philippe de Milly.svg Philip of Nablus 1169–1171
8. Armoiries Eudes de Saint-Amand.svg Odo de St Amand (POW) 1171–1179
9. Armoiries Arnaud de Toroge.svg Arnold of Torroja 1181–1184
10. Armoiries Gérard de Ridefort.svg Gerard de Ridefort  1185–1189
11. Armoiries Robert de Sablé.svg Robert de Sablé 1191–1193
12. Armoiries Gilbert Hérail.svg Gilbert Erail 1193–1200
13. Armoiries Philippe du Plaissis.svg Phillipe de Plessis 1201–1208
14. Armoiries Guillaume de Chartres.svg Guillaume de Chartres 1209–1219
15. Armoiries Pierre de Montaigu.svg Pedro de Montaigu 1218–1232
16. Armoiries Armand de Périgord.svg Armand de Périgord (POW) 1232–1244
17. Blason Bures-sur-Yvette.svg Richard de Bures (Disputed) 1244/5–1247 [1]
18. Armoiries Guillaume de Saunhac.svg Guillaume de Sonnac  1247–1250
19. Armoiries Renaud de Vichiers.svg Renaud de Vichiers 1250–1256
20. Armoiries Thomas Bérard.svg Thomas Bérard 1256–1273
21. Armoiries Guillaume de Beaujeu.svg Guillaume de Beaujeu  1273–1291
22. Armoiries Thibaud Gaudin.svg Thibaud Gaudin 1291–1292
23. Coat of arms Jacques de Molay.svg Jacques de Molay 1292–1314

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugues_de_Payens

The Latin Rule was a document with 72 clauses attributed to Bernard de Clairvaux and Hugues de Payens. It is also known as the “Specific Behavior for the Templar Order”. It outlines the ideal behavior of a knight. The rule borrowed from the rule of Saint Augustine, but was mostly inspired by the rule of Saint Benedict.

It was, however, adapted for use by active, primarily military, knights, rather than cloistered monks. For example, the fasts were less severe so that they did not interfere with combat.

For example, after death temporary members
were to receive thirty Lord’s Prayers for their souls and
the surviving brothers were to feed a poor person for seven
days (chap. 3). By comparison, a full-fledged member was
to receive 100 Lord’s Prayers continually for seven days
while the brothers were to feed a poor person for forty
days (chap. 5).
The Rule also indicates a third type of
membership, often unmentioned by modern authors: married
knights (chap. 53). Although permitted membership, these
men were, however, restricted by the Rule because of their
conjugal status. They could not stay in the Templar house
with those permanent members who had “professed chastity to
God,” and they were not allowed to wear white mantles, a
color allowed only to permanent, unmarried knights.

Yet, once a member, either permanent or temporary,
married or unmarried, each brother became part of the
Templar community, a group that was to carry out earthly
battles for “the defense of the holy church.”

The white mantle was assigned to the Templars. Although not prescribed by the Templar Rule, it later became customary for members of the order to wear long and prominent beards. According to their Rule, the knights were to wear the white mantle at all times, even being forbidden to eat or drink unless they were wearing it.

Outsiders were discouraged from attending the ceremony, which aroused the suspicions of medieval inquisitors during the later trials. New members had to willingly sign over all of their wealth and goods to the order and take vows of poverty, chastity, piety, and obedience. Most brothers joined for life, although some were allowed to join for a set period. Sometimes a married man was allowed to join if he had his wife’s permission, but he was not allowed to wear the white mantle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_Rule
https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2029&context=masters_theses
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knights_Templar